One of the most internationally successful West African musicians of the '90s,
's nerves. There is a lot of truth to the comparison, however, and it isn't exactly an insult. The guitarist, who also played other instruments such as calabash and bongos, shared with
) a predilection for low-pitched vocals and midtempo, foot-stomping rhythms, often playing with minimal accompaniment.
's delivery was less abrasive than Hooker
's, and the general tone of his material somewhat sweeter. Widespread success on the order of Hooker
was somewhat elusive, though, as Touré
sang in several languages, and only occasionally in English. As he once told Option, his are songs "about education, work, love, and society." If he and Hooker
sounded quite similar, it's probably not by conscious design, but due to the fact that both drew inspiration from African rhythmic and musical traditions that extend back many generations.Touré
was approaching the age of 50 when he came to the attention of the burgeoning world music community in the West via a self-titled album in the late '80s. In the following years he toured often in North America and Europe, and recorded frequently, sometimes with contributions from Taj Mahal
and members of the Chieftains
. In 1990, Touré
retreated from music entirely to devote himself to his rice farm, but was convinced by his producer to again pick up the guitar to record 1994's Talking Timbuktu
, on which he was joined by Ry Cooder
. It was his most well-received effort to date, earning him a Grammy for Best World Music Album, but it was also proof that not all Third World-First World collaborations have to dilute their non-Western elements to achieve wide acceptance. However, Touré
found the success to be draining and again retreated to tend his farm.
He didn't release a record on American shores for five years afterward; he finally broke the silence in 1999 with Niafunké
, which discarded the collaborative approach in favor of a return to his musical roots. Then, once again, Touré
stepped away from the limelight. In 2005, perhaps partly to keep his name familiar to music lovers, Nonesuch issued (for the first time on compact disc) Red & Green
, two albums Touré
recorded in the early '80s, packaged together as a two-disc set. In the Heart of the Moon
was also released in 2005. Touré
died on March 7, 2006, from the bone cancer that he had been battling for years; however, he was able to complete one last album before passing. His final album, Savane
was released posthumously in July 2006.